SOVIET-POLISH WAR, 1919-1920

On November 11, 1918, an armistice silenced the guns of World War I. The World, and Europe in particular, petrified by the extent of human and economic carnage inflicted by the four year struggle, said NEVER AGAIN ! and began sorting out the remains.

Busy with preparations for the Paris Peace Conference, the victors and the condemned paid little, and certainly not enough attention to a turmoil brewing since March 1917 in the outskirts of Europe – the Bolshevik Revolution. A dismal historic event, defined shortly and accurately by J. Makower:

The Bolshevik Revolution was a joint, international effort in which all contributors had their own, murky agenda: a German-Jewish ‘thinker’ and a misguided English God’s fool, who conceived the idea of a proletarian revolution; the German military establishment which concocted the scheme of subduing Imperial Russia from inside by infecting the enemy with the germ of revolution; British, American, German and Jewish capital eager to invest in anything on a promise of big, fat profit – even in a revolution; and finally – international thugs executing the most ruthless terrorist plot in History – the Bolshevik Revolution!

Russia, with population composed predominantly of enslaved, illiterate and conservative peasantry, was hardly promising as a stepping stone for a Worldwide Revolution planned by Lenin and his accomplices. In contrast, Germany’s so called ‘working classes’, hungry and humiliated by their country’s defeat, but otherwise strong, well organized, aware of their social aspirations (but not of the true nature of the Bolshevik Revolution), were wide open to the Bolshevik ideology and supposedly ready to be embraced by the new, Soviet system.

Other factors also pointed at Germany as an ideal dissemination centre for the Worldwide Revolution: her location in the heart of Europe, enormous – despite war exhaustion – economic potential, and a veil of Western civilization which Germany could provide to hide the Revolution’s true, ugly face and legitimize it in the eyes of the West. Bolshevik Germany was the only way for Lenin’s hopes to be realized! What was only needed to trigger the chain of events was a proletarian revolution in that country crying for Russia’s help. A revolution ‘encouraged’ by Soviet bayonets, if necessary.

With everything going smoothly and according to the Lenin’s plan, the need for ‘encouragement’ became, however, apparent late in 1918. Despite the advantage of economic, political and general chaos following Imperial Germany’s collapse in the end of WWI, the ‘genuine’ (instigated by communists) proletarian revolution in this country was handled by the German authorities with the usual German precision and efficacy – it was moribund shortly, and its cry for help genuine.

From the Bolsheviks’ perspective the situation was urgent and no time to be wasted – with their armies in full readiness, the marching orders were issued. There was, however, one obstacle on the warpath of the unleashed ‘red peril’ – POLAND !